Anyone can benefit from the tax advantages of the Texas College Savings Plan, regardless of income level, tax bracket or financial situation.
Because earnings in 529 plans are not subject to federal or state taxes, the wind is at your back as assets in the account grow. As the chart below shows, the tax advantages of a 529 plan could mean the difference between fully funding a higher education and coming up short.
You can withdraw funds in a 529 plan account to pay for Qualified Higher Education Expenses without incurring federal taxes, if the money is used for other purposes, the earnings portion of the withdrawal is subject to ordinary federal income tax and any applicable state income tax, and an additional 10% federal tax.
This hypothetical illustration assumes an initial investment of $10,000 and a 5% annual rate of return. The taxable account assumes a 28% federal tax rate. The illustration does not represent the performance of any specific account or investment and does not reflect any plan fees or sales charges that may apply. If such fees or sales charges had been taken into account, returns would have been lower.
Gift Tax and Estate Tax Benefits
529 plans are partially exempt from the gift tax. You can contribute up to $15,000 ($30,000 for married couples) annually per beneficiary, or up to $75,000 ($150,000 for married couples) over a five-year period, without triggering the gift tax.1
Keep in mind that your gifts are excluded from your estate, so investing in a 529 Plan can be a smart strategy to reduce your estate tax.
Funds may be withdrawn without penalty if the beneficiary receives a scholarship (withdrawals can be made up to the scholarship amount), or in the event of the death or disability of the beneficiary. Ordinary federal and state income taxes would be owed on any investment earnings included in gross income.